Describe a place you visited that has been polluted.
You should say
Where it is
When you visited this place
What kinds of pollution you saw there
And explain how this place was affected
I once visited a lake. I can’t remember the name, but it was on a company excursion many years ago when I worked in a small tech company. It was a couple of hours outside Beijing past the mountain range to the north of the city. The lake was meant to be an amazing place with lilies and incredible natural scenery, but I was really disappointed when I arrived because it was quite murky and oily in places. You could tell that the place had been used to dump waste and not taken care of very well. I noticed there were a couple of factories nearby as we approached in the minibus, so I am guessing that the pollution from the factories somehow got into the lake and the surrounding area. It was pretty sad, to be honest, because the area is really rather beautiful, so it was a shame to see it being spoilt in this way. I am sure that there were not many fish in the lake, or any other kind of life… at least not healthy lake animals and plants! I really hope that the local authorities have enough motivation, time and resources to clean this area up and turn it into a genuinely nice place for visitors. There are a lot of polluted places in the world because human beings consume resources and inevitably dump waste in seas, rivers and lakes, as well as into the soil. This is something that needs to be addressed, as in the end we all need nature, not just to enjoy on weekend excursions, but to grow vegetables, obtain clean water, and maintain a balanced ecosystem. We learned about this in biology in school, and it’s often on the news these days, so I think people are becoming more and more aware of the importance of taking care of the natural environment.
1. What kinds of pollution are serious in your country?
I think the most serious kind of pollution is air pollution and water pollution maybe. Perhaps air pollution is the worst, from all the emissions from factories and cars. You see there are a lot of factories, and we produce a lot of goods for the world, so that means there are quite high levels of emissions coming from production. There are measures in place to reduce this, but there need to be more efforts made to enforce these measures.
2. What can individuals do to protect our environment?
Individuals can do a number of things to contribute towards looking after the environment. Firstly, trying to use less plastic is an important thing to do because a lot of plastic gets into the rivers and oceans and affects the food chain as it is consumed by marine animals. Secondly, we can try to take more public transport and reduce private car use to reduce the air pollution in cities. Thirdly we can try to be more sparing with the amount of water we use at home. These are examples of individual contributions to the wider environmental cause.
3. Do you think individuals should be to some extent responsible for pollution?
Yes, I do. And I also believe that in schools and universities people should be educated about the basic ways in which we, as individuals, can contribute to taking care of the environment. All of the small things that we do can help, especially as we have a large population – we cannot simply rely on the government to do everything for us.
4. Why is there a need to involve government in environmental protection?
The government have the power to put stricter controls on traffic, factories and other major sources of pollution. Furthermore they can put money into research and development of more alternative and sustainable forms of energy – this is something that needs government funding and support for scientific research and technological developments. This is the government’s responsibility.